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Different kinds of gifts

I Cor. 12:
1 Corinthians 12:4–6 AV 1873
4 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. 6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.

From where? For what?

1 Corinthians 12:7 AV 1873
7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

From the Spirit.

The word “gift” is also translated “grace” in other portions of the New Testament.

We can therefore
That which is given by the Spirit is really a “grace” from the Spirit to do
The Pillar New Testament Commentary: Paul’s Letter to the Romans 1. Using Different Gifts for the Benefit of the Christian Community, 12:3–8

1:5; 15:15; 1 Cor. 3:10; Gal. 2:9; Eph 3:2, 7, 8

Romans 1:5 AV 1873
5 by whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
Romans 15:15 AV 1873
15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace that is given to me of God,
1 Corinthians 3:10 AV 1873
10 According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
Romans
Galatians 2:9 AV 1873
9 and when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
Ephesians 3:2 AV 1873
2 if ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward:
Ephesians 3:7–8 AV 1873
7 whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given unto me by the effectual working of his power. 8 Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ;

For the profit of the body of Christ.

1 Corinthians 12:7 AV 1873
7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
The Pillar New Testament Commentary: The First Letter to the Corinthians ii. Exposition of the Trinitarian Basis for Unity in Light of the Diversity of Spiritual Gifts, 12:4–7

It is clarified that each gift is a manifestation of the Spirit, that is, an ability or ministry which the Spirit actualizes within the believer and which reveals the presence of the Spirit—of God—among his people

The “grace” from the Spirit is therefore a “gift” for the believer to participate in unity among the local body of believers.

The Pillar New Testament Commentary: The First Letter to the Corinthians iii. Sample Listing of Some Gifts of the Spirit, 12:8–11

Nowhere does Paul provide a complete list of spiritual gifts. He provides us, instead, with a variety of partial lists (1:5; 12:8–10, 28, 29–30; 13:1–3, 8–9; Rom. 12:6–8; Eph. 4:11 [cf. 1 Pet. 4:11]), no two of which agree completely, and there is no reason to believe that we would come up with an exhaustive list simply by compiling those gifts that Paul happens to mention in these different ad hoc lists of representative examples; “Other and different gifts are conceivable.” We have no grounds for believing that Paul himself thought he knew (or could possibly know) the complete range of potential gifts.

Word of Wisdom

“Wisdom refers to insight into doctrinal truth.”

1 Corinthians 2:6 AV 1873
6 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
I Cor.
The Pillar New Testament Commentary: The First Letter to the Corinthians iii. Sample Listing of Some Gifts of the Spirit, 12:8–11

Any message that Paul would recognize as a message of wisdom would have to be a message that reflects the upside-down (or right-side up in a very surprising way) wisdom which recognizes in Christ crucified not foolishness but God’s power and wisdom (1:24). Someone “wise enough to judge a dispute between believers” (6:5) might have a message of wisdom to speak to them and to the congregation. A message of wisdom would presumably be one that reflects Christ’s stress on self-sacrifice for the well-being of the other.

Word of Knowledge

“Knowledge refers to the ability to apply doctrinal truth to life.”

1 Corinthians 11:3 AV 1873
3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.
1 Corinthians 12:1–3 AV 1873
1 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant. 2 Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led. 3 Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.
1 Corinthians 3:16 AV 1873
16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
I Cor.
I Cor.
1 Corinthians 5:6 AV 1873
6 Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
I Cor. 3:
1 Corinthians 6:2–3 AV 1873
2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? 3 Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?
The Pillar New Testament Commentary: The First Letter to the Corinthians iii. Sample Listing of Some Gifts of the Spirit, 12:8–11

it seems that these Corinthians had come to some important knowledge but lacked the wisdom to know how to apply it properly, wrongly thinking that it meant that idolatry was not a real danger.

1 Corinthians 8:1–4 AV 1873
1 Now as touching things offered unto idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth. 2 And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know. 3 But if any man love God, the same is known of him. 4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is none other God but one.
1 Corinthians 8:7 AV 1873
7 Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour, eat it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
I Cor. 8:7
The Pillar New Testament Commentary: The First Letter to the Corinthians iii. Sample Listing of Some Gifts of the Spirit, 12:8–11

The knowledge reflected in the apostles and prophets was a God-given knowledge that flowed from a Spirit-guided saturating of the heart and mind in the Scriptures.

Faith

“Faith as a spiritual gift is probably an unusual measure of trust in God beyond that exercised by most Christians.”

1 Corinthians 13:2 AV 1873
2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have no charity, I am nothing.
Gifts of Healing
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