Retribution Theology Refuted
Up to this point, Job has largely ignored the fallacy of their argument, popping their theological balloons only occasionally (9:24; 12:6) Now he is going to butcher and barbecue their sacred cow.
I. The wicked often experience blessing in this lifetime
A. Job’s final appeal for sympathy
B. Job’s irrefutable evidence
The fertility of their cattle is representative of the prosperity in every area of this person’s estate.
All of their days are spent in prosperity (lit. “good,” ṭôḇ) and enjoyment. When their days come to an end, they descend to Sheol quietly and quickly, free from any prolonged, agonizing illness. A serene death means that the joy of the wicked is as full as possible.
II. The wicked are often punished infrequently
A. Job’s disagreement
B. Job’s evaluation
C. Job’s rejection
III. Retribution theology fails to explain the injustices of life
A. An absurd question
He is also telling them that they do not have to defend God’s governance so vehemently. After all, God is the judge of the exalted inhabitants of heaven.