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Privileges and duties of adoption

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As adopted members of the family of God, believers receive both the privileges and responsibilities of being children of God.

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The privileges received by believers through adoption

Believers are given the Spirit of adoption

Galatians 4:6 ESV
And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”
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Believers have access to their heavenly Father

Ephesians 2:18 ESV
For through him we both have access in one Spirit to the Father.
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Believers become heirs with Christ of heaven

Romans 8:17 ESV
and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
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The benefits God gives to those he adopts

Believers are pitied by him

Psalm 103:13 ESV
As a father shows compassion to his children, so the Lord shows compassion to those who fear him.

Believers are protected

Proverbs 14:26 ESV
In the fear of the Lord one has strong confidence, and his children will have a refuge.

Believers are provided for

Matthew 6:31–33 ESV
Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the Gentiles seek after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them all. But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.

Believers receive loving discipline

Hebrews 12:6 ESV
For the Lord disciplines the one he loves, and chastises every son whom he receives.”

Believers are never forsaken

Psalm 94:14 ESV
For the Lord will not forsake his people; he will not abandon his heritage;

Believers are assured by the Spirit

Romans 8:16 ESV
The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,

The responsibilities of God’s adopted children

Believers are to walk in the light

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Believers are to shun evil


Believers are to purify themselves


Believers are to live obediently

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Believers are to live in peace


Believers are to live in love

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Believers are to be watchful

1 Thessalonians 5:5–6 ESV
For you are all children of light, children of the day. We are not of the night or of the darkness. So then let us not sleep, as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober.
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