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Scripture is God's Speech

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The Holy Spirit inspired the original writing of all the Scriptures, and illumines their meaning to believers.

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The Holy Spirit inspired the writing of Scripture

The Spirit inspired the writers of the OT

2 Samuel 23:1–2 ESV
Now these are the last words of David: The oracle of David, the son of Jesse, the oracle of the man who was raised on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, the sweet psalmist of Israel: “The Spirit of the Lord speaks by me; his word is on my tongue.
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The NT recognises OT writings as inspired by the Holy Spirit

“God-breathed” means “breathed out by God” rather than “inspired”;
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The Spirit inspired the writers of the NT

This revelation by the Spirit probably includes the apostles’ understanding of the gospel and their preaching as well as the writings of the NT.
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The Holy Spirit illumines the meaning of Scripture

“what God has freely given” refers to “God’s secret wisdom” (verse 7), the “deep things of God” (verse 10) and the “thoughts of God” (verse 11).
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The relationship between the word and the Holy Spirit

The association of God’s Spirit and breath with his word(s)

; ; ; ; “word” here probably means “the gospel” rather than Scripture as a whole.

The Spirit is essential for obeying God’s law

Reliance on the letter of the law alone is useless.
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The Spirit enables believers to fulfil the law

Romans 8:4 ESV
in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

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