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Leaders, spiritual

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Under the old covenant God called priests and prophets as spiritual leaders. Later the Pharisees gave spiritual leadership. After Jesus Christ had inaugurated the new covenant, authority was given to the apostles, who in turn appointed leaders in the churches they founded.

Notes & Transcripts

Priests as spiritual leaders

They were called by God

Hebrews 5:4 NLT
4 And no one can become a high priest simply because he wants such an honor. He must be called by God for this work, just as Aaron was.
See also ;

The high priest represented the people in the presence of God

Hebrews 5:1 NLT
Every high priest is a man chosen to represent other people in their dealings with God. He presents their gifts to God and offers sacrifices for their sins.
See also ; ;

Priests taught and explained God’s law

Malachi 2:7 NLT
“The words of a priest’s lips should preserve knowledge of God, and people should go to him for instruction, for the priest is the messenger of the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.
See also ;

Examples of priests as spiritual leaders

The priest Eli was described as leading Israel; Samuel acted as priest on behalf of the people; Jehoiada the priest influenced Joash to serve God.

Prophets as spiritual leaders

They were called by God

2 Peter 1:21 NLT
or from human initiative. No, those prophets were moved by the Holy Spirit, and they spoke from God.
See also ;

Examples of prophets as spiritual leaders

Samuel led the people from idolatry back to the worship of God:

Elijah; Haggai

Spiritual leaders in NT times

officially recognised teachers of the law; ; At a local level, elders had social and religious authority in local councils. Nationally, they were included in the Sanhedrin; ;

The failure of spiritual leaders

In the OT

; ; ; ;

In the NT

; Jesus Christ taught his disciples the qualities required for spiritual leadership.

Spiritual leadership in the church

The apostles delegated authority

; ; ;

The qualifications for church leadership


Advice to leaders

Acts 20:28 NLT
“So guard yourselves and God’s people. Feed and shepherd God’s flock—his church, purchased with his own blood—over which the Holy Spirit has appointed you as elders.
See also ; ; ;
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