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Romans 5:12-21

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CONTEXT

12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned—

13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a btype of Him who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.

16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.

17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.

18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men.

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.

20 aThe Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,

21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

THEME
-
-The righteousness of God.
ORIGIN
-Book was written by Paul, likely from Corinth, during Paul’s missionary Journey to Greece where he stayed for 3 months.
AUDIENCE
-Predominantly Gentile saints, believers. These where
DATE
-A.D. 58
PAUL’S RELATIONSHIP TO THE ROMANS
-He knew some of them, but had never been in Rome
INTERESTING FACTORS
All men are identical to Adam in sin and identical to Christ in righteousness. (5:18)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Introduction to
is an introduction and summary of the gospel
There is a parallel between and - Encloses the diagnosis of the human condition as a bookend of the righteousness of God being revealed by faith
CONTEXT
the human condition as a bookend of the righteousness of God being revealed by faith
is an exploration of the true condition of humanity, an analysis and diagnosis of the human condition
diagnosis of the human condition
Purpose of Study: Diagnose human Condition
remedy or the successful cure
The wrong diagnosis can lead to false remedies and no cure
The wrong diagnosis can lead to false remedies and no cure
us our right standing and why we cannot earn, deserve, or attain it ourselves
Jews and Gentiles are under God’s Wrath
is a summary of
Christ has come and offered himself as a peace offering between man and God
All, both Jews and Greeks, are under sin, as it is written: “None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside;
It is by faith alone that you can be saved
The result of faith is peace with God and “Much more”
one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside;
It is a dark picture of humanity but this dark picture only serves to make the gospel shine all the brighter
So far we have learned that mankind, both jews and gentiles, were all equally destined to experience the wrath of God because of their sins, or transgression, against God (). The apostle Paul then further explained it is, and that it has always been, that it is only by faith in Jesus Christ, and not by any works of man, that salvation can be obtained. He also explained that faith not only eliminates our debt of sin, but that it also credit us with eternal righteousness (
shine all the brighter
In the last sermon, Pastor Paul talked about the results of Christ’s work on our behalf, namely: peace, or reconciliation, with God; and "much more” (eternal life). ()
-Set the Jewish people apart
-A blessing to the Jewish people
-Law was a burden
-law was a means to righteousness (some thought)
-Paul says that the Law increases trespass and wrath ()
-Paul says that Jesus died because of our trespasses and raised for our justification ()
-The Law was a curse because it revealed the sin and made the sinless guilty. If there is no law, there is no trespass.
-The Law make Christ even more needed and desired.
-After his conversion, Paul realizes, possible by means of revelation or discipleship through the apostles, that his theology about salvation was off, and that righteousness was rendered to the Abraham and his offspring by faith, not by works, for Abraham was justified before works (circumcision).
-The Law had a temporary function to point to God. It attempted to bring people back to God’s standards but it failed in doing so because it did not address the original sin of the heart. There was no internal compass.
-The law was like a temporary guardian, a custodian, a disciplinarian, a child guide; it was like a prison ()

9 There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek,

10 but glory and honor and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.

11 For there is no partiality with God.

-The Universal Predicament of Sin ()
-For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,

9 There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek,

10 but glory and honor and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.

11 For there is no partiality with God.

19 because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them.
9 There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek,
20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.
10 but glory and honor and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
-In these passages Paul makes the case that all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God ()
New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update (La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1995), .
11 For there is no partiality with God.
-
-God’s Provision of Salvation ()
-God made provisions for salvation by offering his only son as an offering of peace. Through faith in His son, both Jews and Gentiles have equal opportunity for salvation. God did it all, apart from works of men.
- If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. 3 What does Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.” 4 Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a gift but as an obligation. 5 However, to the one who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited as righteousness. 6 David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to whom God credits righteousness apart from works: 7 “Blessed are those whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed is the one whose sin the Lord will never count against them.”  .
If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God.
3 What does Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.” w
4 Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a gift but as an obligation.
5 However, to the one who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited as righteousness.
6 David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
7 “Blessed are those
- 3:1 You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified? 2 This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by ahearing with faith? 3 Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh? 4 Did you suffer so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain? 5 So then, does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by the works of the Law, or by chearing with faith? 6 Even so Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. 7 Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham. 8 The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.” 9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer. 10 For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, to perform them.” 11 Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “bThe righteous man shall live by faith.” 12 However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “He who practices them shall live by them.” 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”— 14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. .
3:1 You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified?
2 This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by ahearing with faith?
whose transgressions are forgiven,
3 Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh?
4 Did you suffer so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain?
5 So then, does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by the works of the Law, or by chearing with faith?
whose sins are covered.
6 Even so Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
7 Therefore, be sure that it is those who are of faith who are sons of Abraham.
8 The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.”
8 Blessed is the one
9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer.
10 For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, to perform them.”
whose sin the Lord will never count against them.” z
11 Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is evident; for, “bThe righteous man shall live by faith.” 12 However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “He who practices them shall live by them.” 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”—
12 However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, “He who practices them shall live by them.”
13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”—
The New International Version (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011), .
14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update (La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1995), .
-God doesn’t owe us anything.
-The result of Justification by Faith ()
-
9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. . For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. .
New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update (La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1995), .For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. .
In today’s passage from we will learn about how Adam and Christ has both had a direct impact upon humanity.
-Adam and Christ ()
-Adam and Christ (5:12-5:21)
New American Standard Bible: 1995 Update (La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1995), .-Adam and Christ (5:12-5:21)
-Adam and Christ ()

INTRODUCTION

-Adam and Christ ()
In this verse Paul attempts to summarize God’s redemptive work through christ by overviewing the whole of human history.

Part 1

PASSSAGE

12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned—

13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a btype of Him who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.

16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.

17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.

18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men.

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.

20 aThe Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,

21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

-Set the Jewish people apart
-A blessing to the Jewish people
-Law was a burden
-law was a means to righteousness (some thought)
-Paul says that the Law increases trespass and wrath ()
-Paul says that Jesus died because of our trespasses and raised for our justification ()
-The Law was a curse because it revealed the sin and made the sinless guilty. If there is no law, there is no trespass.
-The Law make Christ even more needed and desired.

12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—

13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.

14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.

15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!

16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.

17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.

19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

-After his conversion, Paul realizes, possible by means of revelation or discipleship through the apostles, that his theology about salvation was off, and that righteousness was rendered to the Abraham and his offspring by faith, not by works, for Abraham was justified before works (circumcision).
-The Law had a temporary function to point to God. It attempted to bring people back to God’s standards but it failed in doing so because it did not address the original sin of the heart. There was no internal compass.
-The law was like a temporary guardian, a custodian, a disciplinarian, a child guide; it was like a prison ()

12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—

13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.

14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.

15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!

16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.

17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.

19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

Romans 12 NIV
Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God—this is your true and proper worship. Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will. For by the grace given me I say to every one of you: Do not think of yourself more highly than you ought, but rather think of yourself with sober judgment, in accordance with the faith God has distributed to each of you. For just as each of us has one body with many members, and these members do not all have the same function, so in Christ we, though many, form one body, and each member belongs to all the others. We have different gifts, according to the grace given to each of us. If your gift is prophesying, then prophesy in accordance with your faith; if it is serving, then serve; if it is teaching, then teach; if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully. Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good. Be devoted to one another in love. Honor one another above yourselves. Never be lacking in zeal, but keep your spiritual fervor, serving the Lord. Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer. Share with the Lord’s people who are in need. Practice hospitality. Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. Rejoice with those who rejoice; mourn with those who mourn. Live in harmony with one another. Do not be proud, but be willing to associate with people of low position. Do not be conceited. Do not repay anyone evil for evil. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everyone. If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord. On the contrary: “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.
16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.
16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.
17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!
18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.
17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
.
19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.
16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.
16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.
16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.
17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!
18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.
17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
The New International Version (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011), Ro 5:16–18.

12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—

13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.

14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.

15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!

16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification.

17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.

19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.

Therefore: “On this account”, meaning that the reconciliation was done on the account that Jesus’s righteousness would reign in us just as death reign in Adam.
Humanity has come out of an imperfect mode
The Origin of Sin and the Origin of Righteousness
Here Paul begins to put into perspective the relationship of Adam’s sin and our sin, and Christ’s righteousness and our righteousness. The goal of this passage is to point out that sin reigned in humanity even before the law, and that Jews and gentiles are under sin because we have originated Adam. Death reigned from Adam to Moses just as it did after Moses. Even those who did not sin by doing what Adam did, even they suffered Adam’s punishment, death. Adam failed to reflect God’s glory and image by deviating from God’s standard in his disobedience, and so God sent Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son to be a new standard for all of mankind, and in His Son we have died to our sins, and are raised to eternal life, through faith in the same. Again, not by something we did, but by something He did for us.
Because we w
-Point:
I like how Paul emphasizes God’s grace with “how much more.” () Paul deliberately attempts to emphasize that what God has done for us is not just restoration and reconciliation, but glorification (). The point of the emphasis is to draw his readers to the understanding that if as decedents of Adam we reflect Adam’s humanity and his guilt of sin, then as decedents of Christ (), we shall inherit not just Christ humanity, but also Christ’s glory, because Jesus was not only human, but also God. In other other words, if Adam had not sinned we would’ve simply have remained sinless human beings (which is in itself an amazing status to have), a “natural” man; but Christ did not only restore us to a guiltless state of being through his death, but he also, through his resurrection, he called us to share of his glorious and eternal state of being, spiritual.
But how will this glorious state be? How much more is it that we will receive?:
1 Corinthians 15:35–50 NIV
35 But someone will ask, “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body will they come?” 36 How foolish! What you sow does not come to life unless it dies. 37 When you sow, you do not plant the body that will be, but just a seed, perhaps of wheat or of something else. 38 But God gives it a body as he has determined, and to each kind of seed he gives its own body. 39 Not all flesh is the same: People have one kind of flesh, animals have another, birds another and fish another. 40 There are also heavenly bodies and there are earthly bodies; but the splendor of the heavenly bodies is one kind, and the splendor of the earthly bodies is another. 41 The sun has one kind of splendor, the moon another and the stars another; and star differs from star in splendor. 42 So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; 43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. 46 The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. 47 The first man was of the dust of the earth; the second man is of heaven. 48 As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the heavenly man, so also are those who are of heaven. 49 And just as we have borne the image of the earthly man, so shall we bear the image of the heavenly man. 50 I declare to you, brothers and sisters, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.
What is our guarantee?
Ephesians 1:13–14 NIV
And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession—to the praise of his glory.
Ephesians 1:13–14 NIV
13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession—to the praise of his glory.
(God gave us the ministry of reconciliation)

Part 2

19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.
20 The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,
21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
.
[Acknowledge the audience of Paul’s letter: Jews and Gentiles]
The Jews saw the Law as means for righteousness and so they were judging those who did not have the law ( , ). Paul turns it right back to them and tells them that they are double guilty by knowing the law because they too have disobeyed it just like the gentiles did. In fact, the law made them (Jews) even more sinful (, ) because it (law) exposed them. It showed them that they weren’t cut out for righteousness through works and that they could not purchase their salvation. Moreover, the law made Christ even more necessary, His work even more powerful, and His love even more compelling.
-LAW
-Set the Jewish people apart
-A blessing to the Jewish people
-Law was a burden
ILLUSTRATION
-law was a means to righteousness (some thought)
-Paul says that the Law increases trespass and wrath ()
-Paul says that Jesus died because of our trespasses and raised for our justification ()
-The Law was a curse because it revealed the sin and made the sinless guilty. If there is no law, there is no trespass.
-Dad yelled at child not to right on the wall and child did it anyways. Dad told child that he is already a big boy and that he should act like one, and boy stopped writing on the wall
Description: Dad yelled at child not to write on the wall and child did it anyways. Dad told child that he is already a big boy and that he should act like one, and boy stopped writing on the wall.
-After his conversion, Paul realizes, possible by means of revelation or discipleship through the apostles, that his theology about salvation was off, and that righteousness was rendered to the Abraham and his offspring by faith, not by works, for Abraham was justified before works (circumcision).
-The Law had a temporary function to point to God. It attempted to bring people back to God’s standards but it failed in doing so because it did not address the original sin of the heart. There was no internal compass.
-Point: just as Adam’s sin affected all for all are born of Adam, Christ’ righteousness made all righteous, those who are born of Him. We inherited sin from Adam, but righteousness from Christ.
Point: (1) When we are told what not to do something, our tendency to to disobey. When we are convinced not to do something it is because of our pride. Without Christ we are lost in trying to do the right thing with the right and pure reasons.
=
-The result from sin is universal
-We are condemned because of our sin and because of Adam’s sin
-People died before Adam and after Adam, so the result of Death is the sin of Adam. The result of life is the righteousness of Christ.
-Adam brought sin, sin brought death, and death brought condemnation. Jesus reversed this.
-Adam brought about condemnation, Christ brought about justification.
-Christ gave us salvation as a free gift.
-Adam made us sinful (guilty); Christ made us righteous
-Does is mean we will all be saved? No. There is no universal salvation.
ILLUSTRATION
-Dad yelled at child not to right on the wall and child did it anyways. Dad told child that he is already a big boy and that he should act like one, and boy stopped writing on the wall
-
EMPHASIS
-Peace (Shalom) with God. We can approach God in peace. There is no longer enmity between us.
-Christ’s work on the Cross

APPLICATION

-You and I have sinned (For all have sinned). Sin is a universal problem.
-We were all once in sin, but Christ has offered us his righteousness when he took upon himself our sins
-Jesus has saved you, but will you accept his saving work?
Jesus has saved you, but will you accept his saving work?
-If you have already accepted Christ’s saving grace who should you do now? You should continue his ministry of reconciliation, not accounting the sins people.
Thou we were all condemned God has delivered us from condemnation by taking upon himself our condemnation.
(God gave us the ministry of reconciliation)
-If you have not yet accepted Christ’s saving grace, would you accept it today? God is wanting to pour His spirit in you life, and give you the assurance of salvation.
John 1:12–13 NIV
12 Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God—13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.
Romans 8:15–17 NIV
15 The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.” 16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. 17 Now if we are children, then we are heirs—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.
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