1 Samuel 22
The cave of Adullam is a well known place in Judah.
It’s location is 10 miles from Gath and about 15 miles from David’s hometown of Bethlehem.
As things were going downhill, David had experienced a brief but intense period of backsliding.
But as we saw in the last chapter, when he found himself in the hands of the Philistines, he had turned back to the Lord.
So, in our last chapter, David made a dramatic turn to the LORD and was delivered from the life-threatening situation he was in at the hands of the Philistines.
The Lord was merciful to David to enable him to escape back to his own land.
What David could do is go to a humble cave and find refuge.
In the first part of chapter 22, we saw how David had made for the area he knew: Adullam (the name means ‘refuge’).
The cave was in Judah, halfway between Gath and Bethlehem.
All of David’s family joined him at the cave, which meant that his brothers deserted Saul’s army and became fugitives like David.
They had come to understand that David was God’s anointed king, so they linked up with the future of the nation.
Many others saw in David the only hope for a successful kingdom, so they came to him as well.
The name Adullam means refuge, but the cave wasn't to be David's refuge.
Most archaeologists believe that the Cave of Adullam was not too far from the place where David defeated Goliath.
It reminds me of Jesus, in the Garden praying to the FATHER about His coming passion and submitting Himself to the Father’s will (Matthew 26).
David sought to make sure that his mother and father were protected, so he asked the king of Moab to shelter them until his days of exile were over.
The Moabites were the descendants of Lot.
David had support and help from the prophets.
Saul's dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative, because Saul resisted the word of God.
Like David, we rely on God’s power, rather than our own.
As we move on now, we discover why the writer mentioned Doeg in verse 7 of chapter 21.
Saul was a scheming leader and of course he would have scheming workers who would do anything to gain his favor.
Now we discover why the writer mentioned Doeg in verse 7, for now he steps forth as a key actor in the drama. Wherever there is a scheming leader, he will have scheming followers, for we reproduce after our own kind. These are people who will do anything to gain the leader’s approval and receive his rewards, and Doeg was such a man. This was the perfect time for him to use his knowledge to please the king and raise his own stature before the other officers. The fact that he was accusing God’s anointed king didn’t bother him, or that he lied about what the high priest said and did. It is no wonder that David despised Doeg and expressed his loathing in the words of Psalm 52.