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Encountering the Cross: Golgotha

Encountering the Cross  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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A most painful, cruel and protracted form of execution which involved the victim being roped or nailed to an elevated wooden cross. This form of execution was favoured by the Romans, who regarded it as a deterrent to political rebellion against the authority of Rome at the time of Jesus Christ.

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The method of crucifixion

The victim was scourged before crucifixion

John 19:1 NLT
Then Pilate had Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip.
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The victim carried his cross

John 19:17 NLT
Carrying the cross by himself, he went to the place called Place of the Skull (in Hebrew, Golgotha).

Jesus Christ, having already been scourged, was probably too weak to continue carrying the cross:

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The victim was fixed to the cross

Luke 23:33 NLT
When they came to a place called The Skull, they nailed him to the cross. And the criminals were also crucified—one on his right and one on his left.
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A charge board was fixed to the cross

Matthew 27:37 NLT
A sign was fastened above Jesus’ head, announcing the charge against him. It read: “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.”

The victim’s sufferings were protracted

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OT prophecies concerning Jesus Christ’s crucifixion

Psalm 22:16–18 NLT
My enemies surround me like a pack of dogs; an evil gang closes in on me. They have pierced my hands and feet. I can count all my bones. My enemies stare at me and gloat. They divide my garments among themselves and throw dice for my clothing.

None of Jesus Christ’s bones will be broken:

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Jesus Christ’s predictions concerning the manner of his death

John 12:32–33 NLT
And when I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to myself.” He said this to indicate how he was going to die.
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Responsibility for the crucifixion ascribed to Jews and Gentiles alike

1 Corinthians 2:8 NLT
But the rulers of this world have not understood it; if they had, they would not have crucified our glorious Lord.
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The crucifixion involved a curse

Deuteronomy 21:22–23 NLT
“If someone has committed a crime worthy of death and is executed and hung on a tree, the body must not remain hanging from the tree overnight. You must bury the body that same day, for anyone who is hung is cursed in the sight of God. In this way, you will prevent the defilement of the land the Lord your God is giving you as your special possession.
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The crucifixion involved shame

Hebrews 12:2 NLT
We do this by keeping our eyes on Jesus, the champion who initiates and perfects our faith. Because of the joy awaiting him, he endured the cross, disregarding its shame. Now he is seated in the place of honor beside God’s throne.
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Believers are united with Jesus Christ in his crucifixion

Galatians 2:20 NLT
My old self has been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me. So I live in this earthly body by trusting in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
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Crucifixion illustrates discipleship

Mark 8:34 NLT
Then, calling the crowd to join his disciples, he said, “If any of you wants to be my follower, you must turn from your selfish ways, take up your cross, and follow me.
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The crucifixion is remembered in glory

Revelation 5:6
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