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Trinity, mission of the persons

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All three persons of the Trinity co-operate in God’s work of salvation. For this purpose, the Father sends the Son and the Holy Spirit to redeem his people on earth and to live in and among them.

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The Son and the Holy Spirit do God’s work on earth

In the OT, the Lord alone is Saviour

Isaiah 43:11 HCSB
I, I am Yahweh, and there is no other Savior but Me.
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In the NT, the Son is the Saviour

Matthew 1:21 HCSB
She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, because He will save His people from their sins.”
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In the OT, the Lord lives among his people

Exodus 29:45 HCSB
I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God.
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In the NT, the Spirit lives in the church

1 Corinthians 3:16 HCSB
Don’t you yourselves know that you are God’s sanctuary and that the Spirit of God lives in you?
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Father and Son in the mission of Jesus Christ

The Father sends the Son

Galatians 4:4 HCSB
When the time came to completion, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
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The Son reveals the Father

John 8:38 HCSB
I speak what I have seen in the presence of the Father; therefore, you do what you have heard from your father.”
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The Son does the Father’s work

John 5:19 HCSB
Then Jesus replied, “I assure you: The Son is not able to do anything on His own, but only what He sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father does, the Son also does these things in the same way.
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The Son speaks the Father’s words

John 12:49–50 HCSB
For I have not spoken on My own, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a command as to what I should say and what I should speak. I know that His command is eternal life. So the things that I speak, I speak just as the Father has told Me.”
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The Father testifies to the Son

This refers to God’s testimony to his Son in the OT Scriptures.
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The sending of the Holy Spirit

The Father gives the Spirit

Luke 11:13 HCSB
If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?”
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The Son gives the Spirit

John 16:7 HCSB
Nevertheless, I am telling you the truth. It is for your benefit that I go away, because if I don’t go away the Counselor will not come to you. If I go, I will send Him to you.
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The Father sends the Spirit through Jesus Christ

The varied terminology about who sends the Spirit reflects the close co-operation between and the shared activity of the three persons.
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The three persons share the work of salvation

If we don’t have time, just go over Ephesians 1:4-14.

The incarnation

Luke 1:35 HCSB
The angel replied to her: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, the holy One to be born will be called the Son of God.

Jesus Christ’s baptism

Matthew 3:16–17 HCSB
After Jesus was baptized, He went up immediately from the water. The heavens suddenly opened for Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming down on Him. And there came a voice from heaven: This is My beloved Son. I take delight in Him!

Jesus Christ’s ministry

Acts 10:38 HCSB
how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were under the tyranny of the Devil, because God was with Him.
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The work of redemption

1 Peter 1:2 HCSB
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father and set apart by the Spirit for obedience and for sprinkling with the blood of Jesus Christ. May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
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Commissioning the disciples

John 20:21–22 HCSB
Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you.” After saying this, He breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
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Jesus Christ’s exaltation

Acts 7:55 HCSB
But Stephen, filled by the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven. He saw God’s glory, with Jesus standing at the right hand of God, and he said,
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Proclaiming the gospel

Acts 2:38–39 HCSB
“Repent,” Peter said to them, “and be baptized, each of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is for you and for your children, and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call.”

Building the church

Ephesians 2:22 HCSB
You also are being built together for God’s dwelling in the Spirit.
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