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Revelation 4

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Illus: Airport chaos....higher up in the tower we see the organization.
We have seen the earthly realities of the Seven churches in the previous chapters.
The churches, where God dwells, are to shine God’s light to the ends of the earth.
Now John gets a heavenly view of reality in order to give assurance and hope to the churches.
What does the Church need to endure suffering? A true vision of the majesty and glory of God.
Chapter 4-5 consist of one vision. In 4—we God the Father and Creator. In Chapter 5 we see the Son and the Redeemer.
These 2 chapters are immersed in OT imagery and texts such as ; ; and .
Specifically G.K. Beale notes 14 specific connections between and . The thrust of the two chapters is that both by creation and by redemption God is sovereign over His world.
OT—Tabernacle and Temple were shadows of things within heaven.
These were the center of worship in the OT. When Jesus comes he literally “tabernacles” among us.
The history of the universe from creation to consummation, finds its significance in worship.
represents the heart of the universe, the heart of meaning, the heart of history.

God is king over all things: Praise Him. 4:1-5

Everything that is happening on the earth is under the watchful eye of God who sees all things.
John hears the voice of Christ. Who will tell him what will take place.
Revelation 1:19 ESV
Write therefore the things that you have seen, those that are and those that are to take place after this.
John hears the voice of Christ. Who will tell him what will take place.
Revelation 1—what you have seen.
—what is (“those that are”)
—what will take place after this.
after this—God is in control of history and can tell us the character of the entire age leading up to the Second Coming.
Revelation 1:19 ESV
Write therefore the things that you have seen, those that are and those that are to take place after this.
Spirit—The spirit is the mediator of all prophetic revelations and all of our understanding of Spiritual things ().
At the center of the vision is God’s throne in heaven, representing his kingly rule.
v3 He is a vast king. ( high priest wore these jewels) God is the ultimate source of beauty.
v4 24 elders = angelic beings.
Daniel 7:9–10 ESV
“As I looked, thrones were placed, and the Ancient of Days took his seat; his clothing was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames; its wheels were burning fire. A stream of fire issued and came out from before him; a thousand thousands served him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; the court sat in judgment, and the books were opened.
wisdom (elders)
David organizes the Aaronic priests into 24 divisions. Dedicated servants in heaven and on earth for temple.
Israel (12)/Church (12).
v5—Sinai imagery of God’s presence.
7 lamps and 7 spirits. and ,
7 spirits=full manifestation of the Holy Spirit.
Revelation 1:12 ESV
Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking to me, and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands,
lampstand in is a copy of this. Again the 7 churches are to be a light reflecting the presence of God through his Spirit.

God is Holy in nature: Praise Him. 4:6-8

Glass Sea?
Revelation 15:2 ESV
And I saw what appeared to be a sea of glass mingled with fire—and also those who had conquered the beast and its image and the number of its name, standing beside the sea of glass with harps of God in their hands.
Exodus 24:10 ESV
and they saw the God of Israel. There was under his feet as it were a pavement of sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness.
Waters subdued by God. God’s throne is magnificent. This could also be where Solomon’s sea comes from as found in
1 Kings 7:23–25 ESV
Then he made the sea of cast metal. It was round, ten cubits from brim to brim, and five cubits high, and a line of thirty cubits measured its circumference. Under its brim were gourds, for ten cubits, compassing the sea all around. The gourds were in two rows, cast with it when it was cast. It stood on twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set on them, and all their rear parts were inward.
Deuteronomy 11:11 ESV
But the land that you are going over to possess is a land of hills and valleys, which drinks water by the rain from heaven,
4 CREATURES—four winds of heaven, N, S, E, W. They see everything.
Symbolic—a vision rather than a photograph—we ca never fully fathom God as He really is.
similar but different.
Lion—great and fierce/ ox—strong/ Eagle—majestic (sees all) and man = ruler over earth and all living things.
six wings like but different from Ezekiel in which they have 4.
The degrees of holiness in the temple are reflections of the degree of holiness is God’s throne.

God has created everything: Praise Him. 4:9-11.

The 24 elders join in the praise of the 4 living beings and praise God because He is the Creator.
Psalm 115:1 ESV
Not to us, O Lord, not to us, but to your name give glory, for the sake of your steadfast love and your faithfulness!
Do you believe that He is worthy of our praise? DO you praise him with your time, your talents, and your treasures?
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