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Restoring Love

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Restoring Love

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12  Therefore also now, saith the LORD, Turn ye even to me with all your heart, And with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning: 13  And rend your heart, and not your garments, And turn unto the LORD your God: For he is gracious and merciful, Slow to anger, and of great kindness, And repenteth him of the evil.
14  Who knoweth if he will return and repent, And leave a blessing behind him; Even a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God? 15  Blow the trumpet in Zion, Sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly: 16  Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, Gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: Let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet. 17  Let the priests, the ministers of the LORD, weep between the porch and the altar, And let them say, Spare thy people, O LORD, And give not thine heritage to reproach, That the heathen should rule over them: Wherefore should they say among the people, Where is their God? 18  Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, And pity his people. 19  Yea, the LORD will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, And ye shall be satisfied therewith: And I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen:

2:12 return to me with all your heart Compare Joel 1:13–14. Yahweh calls on His people to return and give Him undivided devotion. Even in the face of impending doom, the prophets regularly called for repentance with the hope that God would relent from the predicted judgment (compare Jer 4:1; Hos 12:6).

2:13 Rend your hearts and not your garments Compare Jer 4:4 and note. Internal spiritual brokenness is more important than the outward act of tearing one’s clothes, which was a sign of mourning (see Gen 37:29).

20  But I will remove far off from you the northern army, And will drive him into a land barren and desolate, With his face toward the east sea, And his hinder part toward the utmost sea, And his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, Because he hath done great things. 21  Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: For the LORD will do great things. 22  Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: For the pastures of the wilderness do spring, For the tree beareth her fruit, The fig tree and the vine do yield their strength. 23  Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: For he hath given you othe former rain moderately, And he will cause to come down for you the rain, The former rain, and the latter rain in the first month. 24  And the floors shall be full of wheat, And the fats shall overflow with wine and oil. 25  And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, The cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, My great army which I sent among you. 26  And uye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, And praise the name of the LORD your God, That hath dealt wondrously with you: And my people shall never be ashamed. 27  And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, And that I am the LORD your God, and none else: And my people shall never be ashamed. 28  And it shall come to pass afterward, That I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, Your old men shall dream dreams, Your young men shall see visions: 29  And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids In those days will I pour out my spirit. 30  And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, Blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. 31  The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, Before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come. 32  And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: For in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, As the LORD hath said, And in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
Repent 2:12 return to me with all your heart Compare . God calls on His people to return and give Him undivided devotion. Even in the face of impending doom, the prophets regularly called for repentance with the hope that God would relent from the predicted judgment (compare ; ). 2:13 Rend your hearts and not your garments Compare and note. Internal spiritual brokenness is more important than the outward act of tearing one’s clothes, which was a sign of mourning (see ). 2:15 Blow the trumpet in Zion Unlike Joel 2:1, the signal is calling for an assembly, not warning of danger. sanctify a fast Compare 1:14. 2:16 consecrate the assembly Everyone is called out for this assembly. See 2 Chr 20:13. 2:17 colonnade The court in front of the temple. The location described is the traditional spot for interceding before Yahweh (see 1 Kgs 8:22). the priests The temple priests are the ones offering the prayer of intercession on behalf of the people. Where is their God The disaster that befell Israel would make the surrounding nations believe that Yahweh had abandoned them. This language is typical of laments (Pss 42:3; 79:10; 115:2).
God answers the people’s prayers in the second half of the book (see note on ). The promised restoration reverses the economic devastation from the locust invasion and offers assurance of a future day of judgment when Yahweh will punish the nations and renew Israel. The shift from a plea for deliverance to a statement of assurance is typical in lament psalms.
Merciful God
2:18 Then God became jealous The transition in v. 18 is marked by the use of the Hebrew narrative past tense to introduce Yahweh’s answer.
- If My People, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves and pray, and seek my face and turn from their; then will I hear from, and forgive them of their and heal their land.
(Chronicles 7:14 If My Peopl
became jealous for his land In this context, God’s jealousy is in concern for His own reputation. The nations questioned His ability to take care of His people in v. 17 (compare ; see note on ; note on ). 2:19 grain, new wine, and olive oil Responds directly to the lament in about the crop failure caused by the locusts. a disgrace among the nations This is a response to the plea in v. 17. The two verses are linked by their use of the Hebrew word cherpah, often translated as “disgrace,” “reproach,” or “mockery.” See note on Ez
(Chronicles 7:14)
became jealous for his land In this context, God’s jealousy is in concern for His own reputation. The nations questioned His ability to take care of His people in v. 17 (compare ; see note on ; note on ). 2:19 grain, new wine, and olive oil Responds directly to the lament in about the crop failure caused by the locusts. a disgrace among the nations This is a response to the plea in v. 17. The two verses are linked by their use of the Hebrew word cherpah, often translated as “disgrace,” “reproach,” or “mockery.” See note on Ez
2:19 grain, new wine, and olive oil Responds directly to the lament in about the crop failure caused by the locusts. a disgrace among the nations This is a response to the plea in v. 17. The two verses are linked by their use of the Hebrew word cherpah, often translated as “disgrace,” “reproach,” or “mockery.” See note on Ez
2-28-32

This five-verse section stands as a separate chapter in the Hebrew text. The abundance promised with Yahweh’s restoration in vv. 18–27 is amplified through a promise that all of God’s people will receive the blessing of His Spirit and witness His coming on the future Day of Yahweh, when He comes to judge all people.

The Apostle Peter quotes this entire passage in his sermon at Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit is poured out on the followers of Jesus (Acts 2:17–21).

2:28 I will pour out my Spirit The Spirit of Yahweh was an expected part of future redemption. and your sons and your daughters will prophesy Alludes to a state of prophetic exhilaration brought on by the Spirit of Yahweh. See note on Ezek 11:5. 2:30 I will set wonders in the heavens Echoes earlier descriptions of the cosmic upheaval that will accompany the Day of Yahweh (see note on Joel 2:10). 2:32 everyone who calls on the name of Yahweh Quoted by the Apostle Paul in Rom 10:13. there will be those
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