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Divinity of Jesus Christ

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The equality and identity of Jesus Christ as God is clearly stated in the NT, and is also implied by the words and deeds of Jesus Christ. The OT prophecies also point to the divinity of the coming Messiah.

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The NT writers affirm Jesus Christ’s divinity

Hebrews 1:8
See also ; ; ; NIV footnote has alternative translations: “Christ who is over all. God be for ever praised!” Or: “Christ. God who is over all be for ever praised!”; ; ;

Statements which imply Jesus Christ’s divinity

Matthew 1:23
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Jesus Christ’s names and titles point to his divinity

Jesus Christ as judge

In the OT, final responsibility for judgment is assigned to God.
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Jesus Christ as “I am”

“I am” is the meaning of God’s name in the OT (see Ex 3:14).
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Jesus Christ as Saviour

According to the OT, God alone can save.
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Jesus Christ as Lord

“Lord” was equivalent to God’s name in the OT.
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Jesus Christ as creator

Colossians 1:16 LEB
because all things in the heavens and on the earth were created by him, things visible and things invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers, all things were created through him and for him,
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Jesus Christ as shepherd

“Shepherd” was a well-known OT name for God.
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Those who recognised Jesus Christ’s divinity

The disciples

John 20:28 LEB
Thomas answered and said to him, “My Lord and my God!”
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The demons

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The consequences of recognising Jesus Christ’s divinity

Jesus Christ is worshipped as God

The fact that no-one but God may be worshipped is fundamental to Judaism.
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Prayer is addressed to Jesus Christ

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Jesus Christ’s unity with the Father and the Holy Spirit in the Godhead

Matthew 28:19 LEB
Therefore, go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
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Jesus Christ’s eternal nature indicates his divinity

Jesus Christ precedes creation

Colossians 1:17 LEB
and he himself is before all things, and in him all things are held together,
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Jesus Christ is everlasting

John 8:58 LEB
Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly I say to you, before Abraham was, I am!”
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Jesus Christ’s pre-existence indicates his divinity

John 6:62 LEB
Then what if you see the Son of Man ascending where he was before?
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Jesus Christ’s manifestation of God’s glory indicates his divinity

Hebrews 1:3 LEB
who is the radiance of his glory and the representation of his essence, sustaining all things by the word of power. When he had made purification for sins through him, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
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Jesus Christ’s divinity in the OT

The divinity of the coming Messiah

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NT passages which apply OT passages about God to Jesus Christ

Romans 10:13 LEB
For “everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.”
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Jesus Christ’s claims to divinity

He claimed to be one with the Father

John 5:17–18 LEB
But he answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.” So on account of this the Jews were seeking even more to kill him, because he not only was breaking the Sabbath, but also was calling God his own Father, thus making himself equal with God.
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He demonstrated his authority to forgive sin

Luke 5:20–24 LEB
And when he saw their faith, he said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven you.” And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, “Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? Who is able to forgive sins except God alone?” But Jesus, perceiving their thoughts, answered and said to them, “Why are you reasoning in your hearts? Which is easier to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk?’ But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,” he said to the one who was paralyzed, “I say to you, ‘Get up and pick up your stretcher and go to your home.’ ”
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Jesus Christ’s actions imply his divinity

Matthew 8:26–27 LEB
And he said to them, “Why are you fearful, you of little faith?” Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the sea and there was a great calm. And the men were astonished, saying, “What sort of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him?”
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Jesus Christ’s resurrection confirms his divinity

Acts 2:36 LEB
Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt, that God has made him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified!”
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