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Bread

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The basic component of the staple diet in biblical times. Consecrated bread was continually laid out in the Holy Place of the tabernacle and temple. Jesus Christ called himself the bread of life.

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Bread the basic component of the diet

Matthew 6:11 TLV
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
See also ; Abraham entertains the three angels; ; ; ; ; ; Gideon asks for bread for his troops; ; ; ; ; ; Nabal refuses bread to David’s men; ; The widow at Zarephath feeds Elijah and is rewarded; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Jeremiah’s rations in prison; ; ; ; ; the temptation of Jesus Christ; ;

A diet consisting solely of bread was indicative of deprivation

1 Kings 22:27 TLV
27 and say, “Thus says the king: ‘Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him only bread and water until I return safely.’ ”
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Kinds of bread

Unleavened bread

Exodus 12:39 TLV
39 They had baked matzot cakes from the dough that they brought out of Egypt. It had no hametz, because they were thrust out of Egypt and could not delay, so they had not made provisions for themselves.
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Manna

Exodus 16:31–35 TLV
31 The house of Israel named it manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey. 32 Then Moses said, “This is what Adonai has commanded. Let a full omer of it be kept throughout your generations, so that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out from the land of Egypt.” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put a full omer of manna inside. Store it up before Adonai, to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 Just as Adonai commanded Moses, Aaron stored it up in front of the Testimony, to be preserved. 35 Bnei-Yisrael ate the manna for 40 years. They ate the manna until they came to an inhabited land, when they came to the borders of the land of Canaan.
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Gifts of bread

Genesis 45:23 TLV
23 Also to his father he sent the following: ten donkeys carrying from the best of Egypt, and ten female donkeys carrying grain and food and provisions for his father’s journey.
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Offerings of bread

Leviticus 7:11–14 TLV
11 “Now this is the Torah of the sacrifice of fellowship offerings which may be offered to Adonai. 12 If he brings it for a thanksgiving, then he is to present with the sacrifice of thanksgiving matzah cakes mixed with oil, matzah wafers anointed with oil, and fine flour cakes mixed with oil. 13 He is to present his offering with the sacrifice of his fellowship offerings for thanksgiving along with cakes of bread with hametz. 14 From each he is to offer one out of every offering as a gift to Adonai. It will belong to the kohen who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offerings.
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The bread of the Presence

Leviticus 24:5–8 TLV
5 “Also you are to take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it, with two tenths of an ephah in each cake. 6 Then you are to set them in two rows, six in a row, on the pure gold table before Adonai. 7 Set pure frankincense on each row, as a memorial portion for the bread, an offering by fire to Adonai. 8 Every Yom Shabbat he is to set it in order before Adonai continually. It is an everlasting covenant on behalf of Bnei-Yisrael.

The table for the bread of the Presence:

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David and his men eat the consecrated bread; ; ; ; ; ; Jesus Christ and his disciples in the cornfields on the Sabbath;

Jesus Christ as the bread of life

John 6:25–35 TLV
25 When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said, “Rabbi, when did You get here?” 26 Yeshua responded to them, “Amen, amen I tell you, you seek Me not because you saw signs, but because you ate all the bread and were filled. 27 Don’t work for food that spoils, but for the food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you. For on Him, God the Father has put the seal of approval.” 28 Then they said to Him, “What shall we do to perform the works of God?” 29 Yeshua answered them, “This is the work of God, to trust in the One He sent.” 30 So they said to Him, “Then what sign do You perform, so that we may see and believe You? What work do You do? 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘Out of heaven He gave them bread to eat.’ ” 32 Yeshua answered them, “Amen, amen I tell you, it isn’t Moses who has given you bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is the One coming down from heaven and giving life to the world.” 34 So they said to Him, “Sir, give us this bread from now on!” 35 Yeshua said to them, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to Me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in Me will never be thirsty.
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Miracles of multiplication of bread

Matthew 14:13–21 TLV
13 Now when Yeshua heard this, He went away from there privately by boat to an isolated place. But when the crowds heard, they followed Him on foot from the towns. 14 As Yeshua came ashore, He saw a large crowd and felt compassion for them and healed their sick. 15 When it became evening, the disciples came to Him, saying, “This place is isolated, and the hour is already late. Send the crowds away so they can go into the villages and buy food for themselves.” 16 But Yeshua said to them, “They don’t need to leave—you give them something to eat.” 17 “We have nothing here except five loaves and two fish,” they said to Him. 18 “Bring them here to Me,” He said. 19 Ordering the crowd to recline on the grass, He took the five loaves and the two fish; and looking up to heaven, He offered the bracha. After breaking the loaves, He gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 20 They all ate and were satisfied, and the disciples picked up twelve baskets full of broken pieces left over. 21 Now those eating were about five thousand men, besides women and children.
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The breaking of bread as a symbol of the death of Jesus Christ

Matthew 26:26–29 TLV
26 Now while they were eating, Yeshua took matzah; and after He offered the bracha, He broke and gave to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 27 And He took a cup; and after giving thanks, He gave to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the removal of sins. 29 But I say to you, I will never drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it anew with you in My Father’s kingdom.”
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