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Easter Sunday - Why Christ Had to Die

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Why Christ Had to Die

April 8, 2006 – Easter Sunday

Romans 5:1-11


Please turn in your Bible to Romans chapter 5, and as you do I will relate what two other preachers have said about this passage: Charles Haddon Spurgeon said that preaching is like throwing a bucket of water at a row of bottles. Some of the water goes in some of the bottles. But by talking to people personally, you have the opportunity of topping off every bottle and making sure none of the water spills.

Stuart Briscoe says, “If I had the chance to go back over the 42 years that I’ve been preaching, I’d like to sit down with all the people I’ve ever preached to and ask them, “Do you really feel that Christ is your Savior and your Lord?”

I can’t do that. But I want to explain to you in the simplest possible terms why Christ died for you, the significance of that, and what it should mean to you.”

So let’s read today’s passage, Romans chapter 5 verses 1 through 11: ‘Therefore, since we have been made right in God's sight by faith, we have peace with God because of what Jesus Christ our Lord has done for us.
Because of our faith, Christ has brought us into this place of highest privilege where we now stand, and we confidently and joyfully look forward to sharing God's glory.
We can rejoice, too, when we run into problems and trials, for we know that they are good for us—they help us learn to endure.
And endurance develops strength of character in us, and character strengthens our confident expectation of salvation.
And this expectation will not disappoint us. For we know how dearly God loves us, because he has given us the Holy Spirit to fill our hearts with his love.
When we were utterly helpless, Christ came at just the right time and died for us sinners.
Now, no one is likely to die for a good person, though someone might be willing to die for a person who is especially good.
But God showed his great love for us by sending Christ to die for us while we were still sinners.
And since we have been made right in God's sight by the blood of Christ, he will certainly save us from God's judgment.
For since we were restored to friendship with God by the death of his Son while we were still his enemies, we will certainly be delivered from eternal punishment by his life.
So now we can rejoice in our wonderful new relationship with God—all because of what our Lord Jesus Christ has done for us in making us friends of God. “

The Bible explains carefully that the human condition is serious indeed. We could live our lives as reasonably happy people. We can get things reasonably well organized. We can get ourselves into a relatively comfortable situation and never really feel that life is all that serious, that the human condition before God is all that drastic.

Yet, if we are to take what the Scriptures say seriously, we have to come to terms with the fact that the human predicament is extreme.

What we are in ourselves is fundamentally at odds with God. That’s the root problem. The technical term for it is total depravity. It’s not a biblical term, but it’s an accurate one, provided we understand it correctly.

Dr. J.I. Packer put it this way: “Total depravity means not that at every point man is as bad as he could be, but that at no point is he as good as he should be.” That is the fundamental human condition in a nutshell. According to Scripture, our righteousness is as filthy rags (Isaiah 64:6). The New Living translation says we are so infected and impure with sin that that when we display our righteous deeds, they are nothing but filthy rags. Pretty graphic!

Some people try to persuade us that we are totally rotten and despicable, utterly, thoroughly, totally depraved. I, understandably, react to that!

They think the Scripture is saying, “At every point of your life you are as bad as you possibly could be.” Rather, I like to think that there is no point in our lives at which we are as good as we should be. We have come short of God’s glory says Romans 3:23.

In the Romans 5 passage, there are various words that describe the human condition. In verse 6 it says we are “powerless.” In the same verse it says we are “ungodly.” In verse 8 it says we are “sinners.” In verse 10, we’re “enemies.” These all have a slightly different nuance that simply can be added up in this whole concept: At no point are any of us as good as we should be. We have fallen. We have failed to be what we were created to be.

That is the meaning of the word sinner: Someone who comes short, someone who misses the mark. One of the sad tragedies of our being sinners is that there is a certain powerlessness about us. This powerlessness manifests itself in different people in different ways.


Martin Alfonse, a Methodist pastor in Madras, India, told an interesting story: His father, an orthodox, dedicated Hindu, became seriously ill. As a result of his illness, he went around trying hard to get proper medical care; none was available to him. In desperation, he turned to some Christians. They prayed quite specifically for his healing, and he was healed by a dramatic, divine intervention.

At that point he became convinced that Jesus Christ was Lord. As a result of a specific, physical need being met, he acknowledged Christ as Savior. Now, there was a certain physical powerlessness about him that was the direct or indirect result of sin. But Christ was able to intervene.

Martin Alfonse’s experience was totally different. He had an overwhelming sense of inferiority. It was so severe that he was practically crippled in his everyday relationships with people.

But somebody told him that Jesus Christ could heal him in the area of his inferiority complex and that he would begin to understand his true worth as somebody whom Christ loved. When he heard this message, he turned to Christ, and Christ became his Savior and Lord. He was met not like his father at the point of physical need but at the point of his deep psychological need. Both were powerless as a result of sin. It manifested itself in different ways.

Pastor Alfonse went on to tell about a delightful family in his congregation. As is normal for Hindus, they had been looking for inner peace. They went through all the rituals of their religion. They were totally committed and deeply involved, but at no point did they ever get close to the sense of an inner peace.

Someone told them it was possible for people to experience peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. They heard it, and they believed it; Christ became their Savior and Lord. They were met not at a point of physical need or the point of psychological need but a point of clear, acute spiritual need. All were the result of sin, powerlessness manifesting itself in different ways.

That is the human predicament—not that at every point we are bad as we could be but that at no point are we as good as we should be. As a result of this, there has been a debilitating impact of sin in our lives. We’re sinners, and we’re powerless.

This powerlessness can manifest itself not just in passive inability but in active hostility. We engage in ungodly behavior. We behave as those who are at enmity with God. We become rebellious. We shake our fists in the face of God. We deride his name. We disobey his commands. We go about showing that we have no time for God at all. We enthrone ourselves, and we dethrone God, and we do all we can to resist him in our lives.

Not that at all points we’re as bad as we could be, but at no point are we as good as we should be, manifested in powerlessness, ungodliness, hostility, and sin. That’s basically the human condition.

Now, I wonder, honestly, if deep down you see yourself in any of those categories. I wonder if deep down you acknowledge that there is something fundamentally wrong with who you are as a person. Has that sunk in? Do you believe it?

What we do is a manifestation of what we are. If you look at the terms “sinner” and “powerless,” this will give you the impression that what we do is wrong because we fail to do what we’re required to do. If you look at the terms “ungodly” and “enemy,” you’ll see that that suggests we do the things that we are forbidden to do. We call these “sins of omission” and “sins of commission.”

Now some people who have lived rebellious lives have no difficulty whatsoever identifying specific sins of commission. They have no difficulty understanding that they have insisted on doing what is forbidden. I’ve heard people say, “As I went through the Ten Commandments, I realized I had broken every single one of them.”

But the majority of people who go to church don’t see themselves as sinners by commission because they live reasonably respectable lives. But every one of them, if they’re honest, will admit to being a sinner of omission. Have we truly loved God with all our heart and all our soul and all our strength, and our neighbor as ourselves? Of course not. That is evidence that what we are is fundamentally fallen short of God’s standard. What we’ve done is not only unsatisfactory, it is sin – the sin of omission.

II. Divine Wrath and Compassion

God pays us the incredible compliment of making us accountable. He cares that much! This proves to us conclusively that God regards us as creatures of significance. If God is keeping track of what we do and what we shouldn’t do, that proves that what we do and what we don’t do is worth keeping track of in heaven. Which proves that what I do is significant in the highest court of evaluation.

If that is true, then I cannot fail to recognize that I am significant too. God has paid us the inestimable compliment of making us accountable. Whether I see myself either as a powerless sinner or a hostile, ungodly enemy, God wants me to know three things:

1. I’m accountable to him.

2. He is just and holy and righteous.

3. He is indignant about my sin.

We come under what the Bible calls “the wrath of God.” Here again, I realize that this is not a popular subject for polite conversation. But it is a subject that needs to be addressed carefully and understood thoroughly. The wrath of God is not to be seen as something like the wrath of man ballooned up to divine proportions. The wrath of man is often totally unwarranted, utterly hypocritical, thoroughly unreasonable, given to extremes.

The wrath of God, John Stott says, “is his righteous hostility to evil, his refusal to condone it, and his just judgment upon it.”

It’s as if you’ve stood in the court of God, he has presented the evidence, then the judge looks at you and asks, “Do you have anything to say for yourself?” At that moment, you can’t say a word. The evidence against you is so overwhelming and so utterly incontrovertible, there’s not a thing you can say. You are utterly without excuse

That is the human condition. I wish I could sit down with each one of you and make sure that each one of you understands that. No matter how good you are, in God’s eyes you’re not going to be allowed to stay there. He wants to make you even better. He loves you too much to leave you where you are.

The divine compassion is the second thing we note. Please notice in the passage of Scripture before us in verse 6, “While we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly.” Verse 10, “God demonstrates his own love for us in this. While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”

It was while we were still in this condition that the divine compassion was poured out toward us. God is not in the business of saying, “Reform yourself, and I’ll see what I can do.” Neither is God saying, “You’re a good kid.” God is looking into our hearts, knowing we are without excuse. Yet, while we’re still sinners, still powerless, he is moved with compassion toward us!

Compassion isn’t just a feeling. Compassion is demonstrated by action. The action that demonstrates the divine compassion for people like you and me is this—Christ died for us.

Paul said, “The Son of God loved me and gave himself for me.” God loves to such an extent that he moves out and empties heaven of its greatest treasure—Christ—and gives Christ to die on a cross for us. That is grace: God’s – Riches – At - Christ’s - Expense

That word “for” can mean Christ died instead of us. It can mean Christ died on behalf of us. I stand before you as somebody who thoroughly understands that in and of myself, I deserve nothing more than the righteous indignation of God and banishment from his presence for the whole of life and the whole of eternity.

Yet God took the initiative and said, “Dave, it is not necessary for you to live in the condition that you deserve. My Son will take it on behalf of you, instead of you, and die for you.” Grace is getting what we do not deserve. Mercy is not getting what we do deserve.

Incredible, but true.

Where does that leave me, then? Well, the apostle Paul sums it up brilliantly in verse 9: “Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him. For if when we were God’s enemies we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life.”

III. The Eternal Conclusion: We Can Be Redeemed

If I’m to understand what the cross is all about, I not only need to understand my condition and the divine compassion, but the eternal conclusion. The eternal conclusion is this: It is possible for me to be justified by his blood. All that I have done has been blotted out, utterly forgiven. I stand now just as if I’d never sinned.

Not only has he taken away my accountability for sin, he has also taken away the guilt of my sin and purged eternity of all record of my sin. I have been justified by Christ’s blood. Which is another way of saying, “Because he died on behalf of meI won’t die.” Incredible, but true.

It is incredible to think that I have been justified by Christ’s blood. But over and above that, he says that I will be saved from wrath through him. In other words, instead of there being that fearful looking forward to a judgment, that horror of death, the agony of wondering what will happen to me after I die, and that dreadful sinking feeling that if God judges me I won’t have a leg to stand on—instead of all that, I can say, having been justified by his blood, much more than that. When the day comes for me to stand before God, I will be saved from God’s wrath, not through what I have done but through Christ’s work on my behalf. Christ will intercede for me.

Which means that in the same way that being justified by his blood saves me from the consequences of what I’ve done, being saved from wrath through him means I have been saved from where I’m heading. But there’s much more. Much more. Incredible, but true.

If being justified by Christ’s blood wasn’t enough, if my being saved from wrath through him wasn’t enough, Paul says, “I will be saved by his life.” God has raised up the crucified Christ and sent his Spirit into the hearts and lives of the believers. In the interim we can know the presence of the living Christ within us. Incredible, but true.

Stuart Briscoe says, “ Many years ago I wrote a little booklet called This Is Exciting. It simply told the story of my spiritual life. The first stage of my spiritual life was: This is easy. All you do is say you’re sorry, have your sins forgiven, then wait to go to heaven when you die.

Then somebody pointed out to me that I was supposed to live like a disciple of Jesus Christ. I started half-heartedly trying to do it, and I changed from “this is easy” to “this is difficult.”

Then somebody began to show me what it really means to live as I’m supposed to live, and I came to the conclusion that “this is impossible.” Then I got mad with God.

I was perfectly happy with God when it was easy, and I got along fine with him when it was difficult, but I got very upset when I discovered it was impossible. Then and then only, he began to show me that in addition to being justified by his blood and promising that he would save me from wrath through him, he sent Christ into my life to save me from the sheer impossibility of trying to do it on my own. By faith I began to live in step with the Christ who lives within me to save me from what I am.”

Incredible, but true.

In exactly the same way, in our powerlessness we don’t walk the way we should. We don’t hit the target the way we ought. It isn’t that at every point we are as bad as we could be. It’s just that at no point are we as good as we should be. Something’s got to be done.

The message of Easter is it has been done. He is risen! You can be justified. You can be saved from wrath. You can be saved by his life. All that is the message of grace—God offering you what you don’t deserve. 

The question we must each answer now is this, will we accept God’s offer? Will you?

Would you please bow your heads with me in prayer;

Blessed Lord Jesus! Gethsemane was your school, where You to us the importance of  prayer and to obedience. This is still the example You expect all Your disciples to follow who desire to walk in obedience with prayerful lives, even as You did Lord Jesus. Lord! teach us to pray, in the faith that You have atoned for at Calvary and in Your conquest of our self-will. O Lord give us this morning grace to pray like You.

O Lamb of God! We would follow You to Gethsemane, there to become one with You, and to abide in You as You do unto the very death yield Your will unto the Father. With You, through You, in You, I do yield my will in absolute and entire surrender to the will of the Father. Conscious of my own weakness, and the secret power with which self-will would assert itself and again take its place on the throne, I claim in faith the power of Your victory. You did triumph over it and have delivered me from it. In Your death I would daily live; in Your life I would daily die. Abiding in You, let my will, through the power of Your eternal Spirit, only be the tuned instrument which yields to every touch of the will of my God. With my whole soul do I say with You, and in You, 'Father! Not as I will, but as You will.'

And then, Blessed Lord! Open my heart and that of all Your people, to take in fully the glory of the truth, that a will given up to God is a will accepted of God to be used in his service, to desire, and purpose, and determine, and will what is according to God's will. A will which, in the power of the Holy Spirit the indwelling God, is to exercise its royal prerogative in prayer, to loose and to bind in heaven and upon earth, to ask whatsoever it will, and to say it shall be done.

O Lord Jesus! teach me to pray. Amen.

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