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Matthew

Chapter by Chapter

Frank Fenby

March 31, 2007


! Introductory considerations

Message summary

Jesus was the Messiah promised prophets, who was also rejected as predicted by the prophets.

Author’s purpose

To show Jesus was Messiah

To show that He must be rejected

To show why He was rejected

Book charts and diagrams

Table 1: The validation and rejection of Messiah

Paragraph Jesus was Messiah How and why he was rejected O. T. Reference
1.      1:1-17 His genealogy is proper    
2.      1:18-25 He was born of a virgin   Isa. 7:14
3.      2:1-12 ·         Visited by Magi·         Born in Bethlehem·         Located by a shining   ·          ·         Mic. 5:2·          
4.      2:13-15   Flight to Egypt at God’s warning Hos. 11:1
5.      2:16-18   Sought to be killed Jer. 31:15
6.      2:19-23 How he came to be called a Nazarene.   Isa. 11:1
7.      3:1-12 Prophetic Herald came A herald identifies Pharisees and Sadducees as antagonists, along with the reason and its judgment. Isa. 40:3; Zech. 13:4
8.      3:13-17 1.      Jesus identified Himself with the herald and his message2.      Sign of the Holy Spirit 3.       Announcement of Sonship from heaven   1.      ?2.       3.      Isa. 42:1
9.      4:1-11 Even Satan himself could not get Him to sin    
10.  4:12-16 Moved ministry to Galilee   Isa. 9:1-2
11.  4:17 Announcement of the near Kingdom.    
12.  4:18-22 Calls disciples who come without question    
13.  4:23-25 Begins doing the signs of messiah and is accepted by the people   Psa 103:3
14.  5:1-2 Teaches concerning His program building off the old order    
15.  5:3-9 Blessing for living a simple life    
16.  5:10-12 Blessing for staying with the new program in the face of persecution.    
17.  5:13-16 You are part of what is new let others know of it    
18.  5:17-48 Show this as a build on top of what existed before. Show how that build happens    
19.  6:1-34 How true righteousness is to be shown in the kingdom    
20.  7:1-12 More on life in the KingdomJudging, treatment of the holy, asking for needs    
21.  7:13-27 On entrance into the kingdom    
22.  7:28-29 Authority of Jesus teaching recognized by the people.    
23.  8:1-17 Three healings - things only messiah could do or would do heal a gentile!   Isa. 53:4
24.  8:18-22 Absolute commitment to follow Jesus.    
25.  8:23-27 Power over nature - weather    
26.  8:28-34 Power of demons - demon testimony that He is messiah    
27.  9:1-8 Forgives sins – crowd glorifies God who gave this power to a man. Scribes says he blasphemes by forgiving sins  
28.  9:9-13 Calls despised into service and has fellowship with them Pharisees reject him for fellowshipping with sinners Hosea 6:6
29.  9:14-17 Came to do something new John disciples reject for lack of fasting.  
30.  9:18-31 Accepted by those in need    
31.  9:32-34   Pharisees say his works are empowered by Satan  
32.  9:35-38 Sees and feels the need of the people   Psa 23 etc.
33.  10:1-15 Has the ability to transfer His ability to others, and send them to expand his work.    
34.  10:16-33   Disciples are to expect rejection also Mic. 7:6
35.  10:34-39 He fulfills the work of separation predicted by the prophets   Mic. 7:6
36.  10:40-11:1 What is done to the disciple is done to the Master    
37.  11:2-6 He is Messiah as evidenced by the miracles Questioned by John Isa. 35:5
38.  11:7-19 John was Elijah the forerunner Both the forerunner and Messiah are being rejected but for opposite reasons Mal. 3:1
39.  11:20-24   He has been rejected by the towns near which he lived despite the many miracles  
40.  11:25-30 Discussion with the Father on sovereignty over who will come to Messiah--invitation to come    
41.  12:1-8 He is something greater then the temple Jesus considered himself greater then – Lord of – the Sabbath. Hos 6:6
42.  12:9-14   Pharisees seek to destroy Him because He showed a fault in their logic.  
43.  12:15-21 The gentleperson who fulfills Isaiah's prophecy.   Isa. 42:1-4
44.  12:22-37 Pronouncement on the sin of rejecting Him.What one speaks is the basis on which he will be judged. Pharisees say Jesus casts out demons by the power of Satan.  
45.  12:38-45 He will fulfill the sign of Jonah.Explains unknown operations in the spirit world. Not satisfied with messianic signs given demand additional attesting miracle.Jesus now rejects that generation for their lack of belief. Jonah 1:17
46.  12:46-50 Sees spiritual relationships greater then physical ones.    
47.  13:1-52 Teaches the “rule of life” in messiah's kingdom. Used parables to block understanding and acceptance. To fulfill scripture. Isa 6:9; Psa 78:3
48.  13:53-58 He has unexplainable wisdom and powers, that all recognize. The people take offense at Him because they understand His physical origin.  
49.  14:1-12   As the herald was killed in innocence, out of jealousy, so will Messiah.  
50.  14:13-21 Provides for the physical needs of those who come to him.    
51.  14:22-33 The ability to enable another to walk on the water causes Peter to acknowledge that Jesus in God’s son.    
52.  14:34-36 Heals all who come to him    
53.  15:1-20 Calls God his father. Explains spiritual truth. He does not keep the traditions. Isa. 29:13
54.  15:21-28 His power extends to the Gentiles Shows compassion to believing Gentile woman  
55.  15:29-31 His works cause people to glorify the God of Israel    
56.  15:32- Provides for the needs of those who follow Him.    
57.  16:1-4 Will fulfill the sign of Jonah Refuses to give a sign on demand but points to the sign of Jonah. Call them evil and adulteress. Says they aren’t responding to the sign they are already seeing. Jon. 1:17; Matt. 12
58.  16:5-12   Brands the teaching Pharisees false by telling the disciples to beware of it.  
59.  16:13-20 Recognized by the disciples as the Messiah.    
60.  16:21-23 Predicts his own death and resurrection, and rebukes those who would prevent it.    
61.  16:24-28 Predicts the transfiguration Being His disciple will be costly.  
62.  17:1-9 He is transfiguredThe pronouncement of the Father of Sonship.    
63.  17:10-13 The forerunner did come. He must suffer as did Elijah and John.  
64.  17:14-21 He can cure what the disciples can not They are an unbelieving generation.  
65.  17:22-23 Predicts his own resurrection to the day.    
66.  17:24-27 Claims exemption from the temple tax Leaders demand of Him the temple tax. Do not see him as belonging to the temple.  
67.  18:1-10 Understanding true greatness is simple trust and great error is cause a simple one to stumble. [Contrast to the attitude of the leaders.]  
68.  18:12-14 Seek the one who strays.    
69.  18:15-20 Seek to win the brother for the Father will confirm in heaven what we agree on here.    
70.  18:21-35 We are to forgive because we have been forgiven.  Evidence of being Messiah here is His relating how things on earth are to be conduced based on what occurs in heaven.  Had He not been from God he would not have know these things.  
71.  19:1-2 Heals those who follow him    
72.  19:3-15 Hold to the OT teaching on marriage in face of popular and religiously approved practices. Did not hold to popular views on marriage.His service may not be compatible with marriage. Yet he delights in children. Gen. 1:27; 2:24
73.  19:15-30 Knows what will be done in the future kingdom. Being His disciple meant giving up all material and social comforts. Yet this will be rewarded  
74.  20:1-16 (Parable to explain the above) Explains God graciousness. His choices seem unjust to some people.  
75.  20:17-19 Predicts details of his death    
76.  20:20-28 More on position in heaven being based on service. Rewards in the kingdom are not granted on the basis of politics. Isa 43:10
77.  20:29-34 Responds to cries for mercy.    
78.  21:1-11 Acknowledged by the people as the Son of David.Fulfills Isa. 62:11 Leaders do not expect Messiah from Nazareth or even Galilee. Isa. 62:11; 2 Kings 9:13
79.  21:12-17 Claims authority over the temple Leaders indignant because of His glory Isa. 56:7
80.  21:18-22 Displays power of natural processes    
81.  21:23-46   Shows spiritual flaws in the leaders1.      They do not understand John2.      They have not done the work of the Father3.      They have rejected and killed the representatives of authority.4.      Jesus says that the Kingdom will be taken from them.The leaders understand and reject.  
82.  22:1-14   Yet another parable explaining the relationship between the leaders and the kingdom. They have rejected the invitation and worse.  
83.  22:15-22 Stands in proper relationship to government Pharisees have their trick question on taxes rebuffed.  
84.  22:23-33   Sadducees have their pet argument on resurrection silenced.  
85.  22:34-40 Shows a correct understanding of the Law If the Lawyer expected an answer about ritual then he was rebuffed.  
86.  22:41-46 Shows the deity of Messiah based on David’s prophecy. They can not participate in His questions. Psa. 110:1
87.  23:1-39   His practice is in exact opposition to that of the leaders. Shown in:1.      What defines a leader2.      Six (seven) woe’s pronounced on the scribes and Pharisees.3.      Final lament over Jerusalem.  
88.  24:1-51 Knows of unbelievable things will happen in the future.Entrance into the kingdom He predicts a yet future destruction of the Nation.There is unfulfilled prophecy before the establishment of the kingdom.The king has been rejected. Dan 7:13; 9:27
89.  25:1-13   The next time He offers the kingdom they need to prepared.  
90.  25:14-30   They need to be found having made good use of what they were entrusted with.  
91.  25:31-46   They need to be prepared for the judgment that is part of His coming.  
92.  26:1-5 Predicts how he will die.Leaders acknowledge that the people revere Him Leaders plot against Him for death.  
93.  26:6-13 Greatly honored by women. Honor to Him considered waste.  
94.  26:14-16 Betrayal price fulfills prophecyLeaders don’t have a case and need a betrayer Above is the event that sets Judas Iscariot in to action  Ex 21:32; Zech 11:12
95.  26:17-19 Reguarded as one to be prepared forKeeps the commands of Moses    
96.  26:20-25 Announces Judas’ secret betrayal plan    
97.  26:26-29 Provision of a memorial of salvation    
98.  26:30-35   Denial and desertion announced an part of fulfillment of scripture.  
99.  26:36-46      
100. 26:47-56 Arrested and deserted according to prophecy    
101.    26:57-68 Leaders recognize that He claims to be God. Charge is blasphemy  
102.    26:69-75 Prophecy of the denial fulfulled.    
103.    27:1-2   The chief priests and elders of the people are the make the rejection carry out the rejection  
104.    27:3-10 Judas recognizes his wrong and kills himself over it.   Zech 11
105.    27:11-26   The legal authority (Rome) sees no charges.The people take to themselves the guilt of the rejection.  
106.    27:27-31   The world joins in the mock started by the religious people.  
107.    27:32   The innocent now bear the burden  
108.    27:33-44   All join in the rejection  
109.    27:45-61 Miracles at the crucifixion evidence even to the hardened that He is God.   Psa 22:1
110.    27:62-66 The leaders fear that may really rise.    
111.    28:1-10 He rises from the dead.    
112.    28:11-15 The leaders acknowledge the resurrection. Leaders cover up the report of the resurrection.  
113.    28:16-20 He appears as predicted. Gives the great commission. Some still doubt  


 

Figure 1: Parallel of Israel's experience and Jesus'


 


Table 2: Jesus was a threat to:

Person / Group Why Reference:
Herod A rival king Matt. 2:16
Pharisees 1.      Attacked by John for unrighteous deeds.2.        1.      Matt. 3:7-92.       
Sadducees 1.      Attacked by John for unrighteous deeds.2.        1.      Matt. 3:7-92.       

The argument of the book


 

Chapter 1  

God works through the ordering of families.

God will intervene in the natural order if necessary.

If we need to do something that is out of the ordinary God will make that very plain to us as he did to Joseph.

Chapter 2  

God explicitly guides and uses different means (in this chapter most are supernatural)

1.      A shining that appears

2.      Dreams (three times)

3.      Fear of a particular ruler.

Chapter 3  

It is not wrong to point out the lack of good behavior on those who claim to be righteous.

There is not mention of any special event that set John apart like there is for Jesus other then the event surrounding his birth.  We don’t need to look for multiple calls to ministry.  The evidence to John would have only been the stories he heard about his birth.  That was enough.

Chapter 4  

If even Jesus needed angelic ministration after temptation how much more may we.  I need to be thankful for angelic help.

Jesus moved his ministry to minimize conflict.  It is not wrong to make moves to protect a ministry.

Would I have followed just like that  -- do I follow just like that?

Lord; please be with me in the ministry that you have for me.  Not that I seek fame, but I seek that which will honor You and proclaim Your message widely to others.

Chapter 5  

When you introduce yourself to a group that you are going to be leading, first take them aside and teach them what you are about.  Be sure to start with a promise of blessing to come.  Then show how what you are doing build off of what went before.

Chapter 6  

Oh how much in the way of application is here.  This is direct teaching on application. The Lord is saying how righteous people in His kingdom will behave.

1.      Giving quietly

2.      Private humble prayer

3.      Not fasting for show

4.      Putting your treasure in God's work, trusting Him for provision.

I must admit I do not do well on all of these. Lord grant me wisdom in the right use of resources.

Chapter 7  

Same as above on how those in the kingdom should live.

Necessity to joining the kingdom -- it is not being forced.

Recognition of authority in Christ's teaching--we need to teach with authority, not of our own but in the authority of the one who has sent us.

Chapter 8  

Can I really say that I have or will give up all to follow Jesus?  Or do I want to set the terms of my discipleship.

Chapter 9  

Do I really feel compassion for the people to whom I minister – really!

Expect a lot of rejection when doing the work of God.

Chapter 10  

Jesus delegated authority (not responsibility) and gave instructions on how to use it.  – Like any good manager should.

Disciples should earn their living off doing the work of the Master.

Chapter 11  

Expect rejection; do not let it concern you for the Father has chosen who will respond to the truth.

Chapter 12  

Don’t believe those who say your ministry is of Satan, it is only a sign of their rejection. But be sure that you are totally in line with the Word of God.

Chapter 13  

The those who will understand, it will only be a few out of the many.

Since Jesus was rejected having both unexplainable wisdom and power, how much more will we be rejected have only limited wisdom.

Chapter 14  

Matthew shows that the rejection of chapter 13 does not effect the ability of Jesus to do the signs of Messiah. The rejection did not change Him, it altered the course of the ministry, but the ability or goals of the Messiah.

Don’t let rejection stop you! God is still God and His mission for you has not changed.  Continue to do what you can do.

Chapter 15  

We are often judged by our keeping of religious traditions and not from what is in our hearts. There may be times that we need to respond by highlighting this, even if it does ruffle some folks. But Peter is told to leave these folks alone – those hardened in their way will not be changed let them alone, God will judge them.

Chapter 16  

Do not worry about validating yourself on demand.  The work that you do will be validation enough, do not cease those works.

Chapter 17  

Do not take offense at rejection. Let God validation be enough for you. continue your ministry regardless.

Chapter 18  

Lord, may I be careful to conduct my self here, in forgiveness, in seeking the lost, in not giving offense, to reflect what life is like in heaven.  Oh may I be a good representative of you.

Chapter 19  

Lord, may I not fear giving up things and relationships to gain eternal rewards. Yet may I not violate the standards for proper relationships here.  Lord give me balance in this.

Chapter 20  

Lord may I simply be one who serves you will a whole heart.  Frogive me my nger and frustrations.  May I only live to serve you.

Chapter 21  

The message of rejection is given by illustration before it is directly stated. What a wonderful and clear way to teach.  Noticed that He gives the leaders every chance to come to repentance.

Lord help me to be gentle in the way I deal with people – Help me find the right thing to say.

Chapter 22  

Lord give  me a ready answer about what I know to be true.  Not that I may look wise to men, but that your truth might be understand by all.

Chapter 23  

Lord, place in me all the right attitudes!  May I look like you on campus this term and to my neighbors in Lutz.  It is going to be hard for me I know, but You Lord, can effect the change.   Grant me a tender wand will heart to accept what you must change in me for me to become more like Yourself.

Chapter 24  

Jesus had to be God!  and because of the resurrection still is.  Oh, may I be faithful, and observant to recognize the work of God as it invades the natural order.

Chapter 25  

Chapter 26  

Father thank you for the salvation that you so freely provided in Jesus.  Yes, Jesus is God!

Chapter 27  

Lord may I never betray your work, and the one who loved me so, out of a sense of frustration or for the sake on personal gain.

It is often best not to answer false charges.  If they are false they will prove themselves to be just that.

Chapter 28  


! Concluding general remarks

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