Once again Jonathan gains a great victory, but Saul takes the credit for it and reveals his jealousy.
We read in this chapter that he actually would have destroyed his own son! Chapter 14 gives us the strategy of battle that Jonathan used against the Philistines.
Tonight, we will see the results of a strong, fearless faith.
!! A. God Attacks The Philistines
There Was Trembling Among The Philistines (v.15).
!!!! a) In the camp, field, among the people (v.15a).
!!!!! (1) The Philistines reaction to this stressful situation was that of “trembling”.
!!!!! (2) Most occurrences of trembling refer to an emotional agitation before an unusual circumstance.
*Isaac trembled when he learned that his own son deceived him: *"Now it happened, as soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting.
He also had made savory food, and brought it to his father, and said to his father, “Let my father arise and eat of his son’s game, that your soul may bless me.”
And his father Isaac said to him, “Who are you?”
So he said, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.”
Then Isaac trembled exceedingly, and said, “Who?
Where is the one who hunted game and brought it to me?
I ate all of it before you came, and I have blessed him— and indeed he shall be blessed.”"
!!!!! (3) It can also describe a military force either as *discouraged *(I Sam.13: 7) or as broken into *outright panic *(ISam.14:
15) as we see here in this passage.
*Eli’s anxiety concerning the ark, cause his heart to tremble: *"Also the ark of God was captured; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died.
Then a man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dirt on his head.
Now when he came, there was Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God.
And when the man came into the city and told it, all the city cried out.
When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What does the sound of this tumult mean?”
And the man came quickly and told Eli.
Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see.
Then the man said to Eli, “I am he who came from the battle.
And I fled today from the battle line.”
And he said, “What happened, my son?”
So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people.
Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.”
Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died" (1 Samuel 4:11-18, NKJV)
!!!!! (4) Four passages speak of trembling before God’s word or commandment.
*The Lord says:* "On this one will I look: On him who is poor and of a contrite spirit, And who trembles at My word.
" (Isaiah 66:2,5 NKJV)
*When Ezra got news about God’s people not separating themselves he said:* "The leaders came to me, saying, “The people of Israel and the priests and the Levites have not separated themselves from the peoples of the lands, with respect to the abominations of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
For they have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and their sons, so that the holy seed is mixed with the peoples of those lands.
Indeed, the hand of the leaders and rulers has been foremost in this trespass.”
So when I heard this thing, I tore my garment and my robe, and plucked out some of the hair of my head and beard, and sat down astonished.
Then everyone who trembled at the words of the God of Israel assembled to me, because of the transgression of those who had been carried away captive, and I sat astonished until the evening sacrifice."
(Ezra 9:1-4, NKJV)
*Ezra encourages them to act on God’s Word:* "Now while Ezra was praying, and while he was confessing, weeping, and bowing down before the house of God, a very large assembly of men, women, and children gathered to him from Israel; for the people wept very bitterly.
And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, spoke up and said to Ezra, “We have trespassed against our God, and have taken pagan wives from the peoples of the land; yet now there is hope in Israel in spite of this.
Now therefore, let us make a covenant with our God to put away all these wives and those who have been born to them, according to the advice of my master and of those who tremble at the commandment of our God; and let it be done according to the law."
(Ezra 10:1-3, NKJV)
!!!! b) Working Out your salvation with /fear and trembling/ (Phil.2:12)
!!!!! (1) We Need To Understand The Consequences Of Sin.
!!!!! (2) Knowing that we serve a holy and just God, we should always live with fear and trembling.
!!!!!! (a) */Fear /*translates /phobos/, which describes fright or terror (Matt.14:26;
Luke 21:26; 1 Cor.2:3) as well as reverential awe (Acts 2:43; 9:31; 2Cor.
!!!!!! (b) */Trembling/* is from /tromos/, which refers to shaking and is the word from which the English word tremor derives.
!!!!!! (c) Both */fearing/ *and */trembling/ *are proper reactions to the awareness of one’s own spiritual weakness and the power of temptation and wanting to do what is right (Rom.7:14ff).
!!! 2. The Result of Jonathan’s strong, fearless faith (v.15).
!!!! a) Panic Struck the Philistine Army, the garrison and the raiders trembled (v.15)
!!!!! (1) So the Philistines were terrified and panic struck.
It seems that the Philistines, were under a divine confusion:
*Remember back in Chapter 7 as *"Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel.
But the Lord thundered with a loud thunder upon the Philistines that day, and so *confused them** *that they were overcome before Israel."
(1 Samuel 7:10, NKJV)
!!!!! (2) They must have woke up with the thought,”We being attacked by our enemies.”
!!!!! (3) Thinking their fellow Philistines were there enemies, they began to fight & kill each other.
!!!!! (4) How did God do this?
Possibly God blinded their eyes or their minds, that they could not distinguish friends from foes.
*When Gideon fought against the Midianites God gave him victory:* "When the three hundred blew the trumpets, the Lord set every man’s sword against his companion throughout the whole camp” (Judges 7:22, NKJV)
*When *“Elisha prayed to the Lord, and said, “Strike this people, I pray, with blindness.”
And He struck them with blindness according to the word of Elisha."
(2 Kings 6:18; 2Chron.20:23)
*Our enemy, Satan, wants us (the church) to fight with each other as well: *"Who is wise and understanding among you?
Let him show by good conduct that his works are done in the meekness of wisdom.
But if you have bitter envy and self-seeking in your hearts, do not boast and lie against the truth.
This wisdom does not descend from above, but is earthly, sensual, demonic.
For where envy and self-seeking exist, *confusion *and every evil thing are there.
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, willing to yield, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality and without hypocrisy.
Now the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
Where do wars and fights come from among you?
Do they not come from your desires for pleasure that war in your members?" (James 3:13-4:1, NKJV)
!!!! b) God Sent An Earthquake—The Earth Quaked, with a great trembling (v.15b).
!!!!! (1) What Jonathan could not do, God would do.
Jonathan and his armor bearer had done their part.
Now God was doing his part.
!!!!! (2) Jonathan could use his heart and his sword, and he did.
But what Jonathan could not do - send a great earthquake to terrify the Philistines - God did.
!!!!! (3) Often we wait around for God to do what we can do.
God will often do miracles (what He alone can do) if we will do what we can do.
*Thought 1:* *A weak, wavering faith leads to a defeated life.
!!!!! (1) If we have no faith, we have no hope.
Without faith, without believing in the future, there is no purpose, meaning, or significance in life.
!!!!! (2) But a strong, fearless faith brings a spiritual rest.
When Scripture speaks of God's spiritual rest it means a spirit of confidence, assurance, purpose, hope, fulfillment, satisfaction.
!!!!! (3) God warns us against weak and wavering faith.
If we are gripped by unbelief and doubt, we will miss the spiritual rest promised by God.
*The writer of Hebrews says, *"/Since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it.
For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word, which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it.
For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said: “So I swore in My wrath, ‘They shall not enter My rest,’ ” although the works were finished from the foundation of the world./"
(Hebrews 4:1-3, NKJV)
*The writer continues by saying in v.11,* "/Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience./"
(Hebrews 4:11, NKJV)
*When Jesus came back to His own home town & began teaching them, Matthew says, *"/that they were astonished, and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?
“Is not this the carpenter’s son?
Is not His mother called Mary, and His brothers, James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? “And His sisters, are they not all with us?