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Easter 2008

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1.       What does the word Easter mean?  Is Easter Biblical?

a.       Easter — originally a Saxon word (Eostre), denoting a goddess of the Saxons, in honour of whom sacrifices were offered about the time of the Passover. Hence the name came to be given to the festival of the Resurrection of Christ, which occured at the time of the Passover. In the early English versions this word was frequently used as the translation of the Greek pascha (the Passover). When the Authorized Version (1611) was formed, the word “passover” was used in all passages in which this word pascha occurred, except in Act 12:4. In the Revised Version the proper word, “passover,” is always used. [1]

b.      The Holiest Week on the Calendar

2.       Was it just a coincidence it came at Passover time.

a.       Passover was a symbol of what was to come

                                                               i.      Shedding of blood

1.       Passover Lamb

2.       1 Cor. 5:7; also John 19:36 with Ex. 12:46b

                                                             ii.      Setting apart - Separated from the rest of the world

                                                            iii.      Deliverance from bondage

                                                           iv.      Journey to Promise Land

                                                             v.      Jewish Families are to celebrate Passover 

1.       Lev. 23:5–8; Num. 28:16–25; Deut. 16:1–8

2.       Non-Jewish People- Exodus 12:43-51

3.       Good Friday vs. Resurrection Sunday

a.       Contrast between the two

                                                               i.      The Ugliness of Sin, the pain of Death, shedding of blood

                                                             ii.      Celebration

                                                            iii.      Fragrance From Crown Of Thorns

An ancient legend tells of a monk who found the crown of thorns which had pressed on the Master. On Good Friday morning he set the crown on a side altar of the cathedral. It was a cruel- looking, ghastly thing, covered with blood. The people glanced at it for a moment and then turned away. It reminded them too keenly of the ugliness and cruelty of their sins.

There the crown remained until Easter morning when, with the sunrise, the monk made his way into the sanctuary. He thought that this bloody reminder of Good Friday would be out of place, and he should remove it. As he approached the altar, he detected a strange fragrance. The sun was so bright he could not at first notice what had happened. The sun had centered its rays upon the crown, and had changed the sharp thorns and the cruel twigs into roses of the rarest beauty and the most pleasing fragrance. [2]


Jesus’ Last Week, Passover a.d. 33

Sunday Matthew Mark Luke John
The Triumphal Entry 21:1–9 11:1–10 19:29–40 12:12–19
Jesus Views the City 21:10–11 11:11 19:41–44
MondayJesus Curses a Fig Tree 21:18–19 11:12–14
Jesus Cleanses the Temple 21:12–13 11:15–19 19:45–48
Healings in the Temple 21:14–17
The Fig Tree Is Withered 21:19–22 11:20–25
Jesus Challenged by the Elders 21:23–22:46 11:27–12:37 20:1–44
Pharisees Condemned by Jesus 23 12:38–40 20:45–47
The Widow Gives Her Mite 12:41–44 21:1–4
Greeks Try to See Jesus 21:20–36
Jews Reject Jesus’ Claims 12:37–50
Jesus Teaches on History’s End 24–25 13:1–37 21:5–38
Jesus Predicts Crucifixion 26:1–5 14:1–2
Jesus Anointed by Mary 26:6–13 14:3–9 12:2–8
Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus 26:14–16 14:10–11 22:3–6
The Passover Meal Held 26:17–29 14:12–25 22:7–22 13:1–38
The Last Supper Teaching 14–16
Jesus’ High Priestly Prayer 17
Prayer at Gethsemane 26:36–46 14:32–42 22:39–46 18:1
Jesus Arrested 26:47–56 14:43–52 22:47–53 18:2–12
On Trial before Annas 18:12–14, 19–23
On Trial before Caiaphas 26:57–68 14:53–65 22:54 18:24
Peter Denies the Lord 26:69–75 14:66–72 22:54–62 18:15–18, 25–27
On Trial before the Sanhedrin 27:1 15:1 22:66–71
Suicide of Judas 27:3–10
On Trial before Pilate 27:11–14 15:2–5 23:1–5 18:28–38
Taken to Herod 23:6–12
Returned to Pilate 27:15–26 15:6–15 23:13–25 18:39–19:16
Mocked by Soldiers 27:27–30 15:16–19 22:63–65
Led to Calvary 27:31–34 15:20–23 23:26–32 19:16–17
Jesus’ Crucifixion 27:35–56 15:24–41 23:33–49 19:18–37
Jesus’ Body Buried 27:57–60 15:42–46 23:50–54 19:38–42
Women Visit the Tomb 27:61 15:47 23:55–57
A Guard Set over the Tomb 27:62–66
The Women Return 28:1–8 16:1–8 24:1–12 20:1–10



[1]Easton, M.G.: Easton's Bible Dictionary. Oak Harbor, WA : Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1996, c1897

[2]Tan, Paul Lee: Encyclopedia of 7700 Illustrations : A Treasury of Illustrations, Anecdotes, Facts and Quotations for Pastors, Teachers and Christian Workers. Garland TX : Bible Communications, 1996, c1979

[3]Richards, Larry: The Bible Reader's Companion. Wheaton, Ill. : Victor Books, 1991, S. 597

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