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Gift of Holy Spirit (2)

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In the OT the gift of the Holy Spirit was restricted to individuals for particular tasks, but at Pentecost and on subsequent occasions, the Holy Spirit is given to all believers.

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The gift of the Holy Spirit in the OT

The Spirit is given to individuals for specific tasks

1 Sa 10:6 to Saul, for kingship; Ex 31:2–5 to Bezalel, for craftsmanship

The gift of the Spirit can be withdrawn

1 Sa 16:14; Ps 51:11
See also Jdg 16:20; 1 Ki 22:24

The gift of the Holy Spirit is foretold

He is promised by John the Baptist

Matthew 3:11 KJV 1900
11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire:
Preaching is God’s great institution for the planting and maturing of spiritual life.
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He is promised by Jesus Christ

Lk 24:49; Jn 7:37–39; Jn 14:16; Jn 14:26; Jn 15:26; Jn 16:7; Ac 1:4–5; Ac 1:8; Ac 11:16

The gift of the Holy Spirit before Pentecost

Individuals filled with the Spirit

Luke 1:15 KJV 1900
15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb.
See also Lk 1:41; Lk 1:67; Lk 2:25–27

Jesus Christ receives the gift of the Spirit

Matthew 3:16 KJV 1900
16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:

Jesus Christ bids his disciples receive the Holy Spirit

See also Jn 20:22

The gift of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost and after

At Pentecost

Acts 2:2–4 KJV 1900
2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
See also Ac 2:33

The Spirit was given on later occasions

Acts 10:44 KJV 1900
44 While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word.
See also Ac 8:15–17; Ac 9:17; Ac 19:6; Ga 3:5; Heb 2:4

The gift of the Spirit is for all believers

Acts 2:38–39 KJV 1900
38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
See also Ac 2:17; Ac 5:32; Ac 10:45; Ac 11:17; Ac 15:8; Ro 8:9; Ga 3:14; 1 Th 4:8; Heb 2:4

God’s willingness to give the Spirit

Luke 11:13 KJV 1900
13 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
See also Jn 3:34

God’s purposes require the gift of the Holy Spirit

To give assurance of acceptance by God

Acts 15:8 KJV 1900
8 And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us;
See also Ac 10:47; Ac 11:17; 1 Jn 3:24; 1 Jn 4:13

To convict the world of sin

Jn 16:7–8; Ac 2:37

To provide spiritual gifts

Ac 2:4; Ac 10:45–46; Ac 19:6; 1 Co 12:4–11

To work miracles, signs and wonders

Ro 15:18–19; Ga 3:5; Heb 2:4

To give boldness in preaching and witnessing

Acts 1:8 KJV 1900
8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
See also Ac 4:31; Ac 5:32

To cultivate the fruit of the Spirit

Romans 14:17 KJV 1900
17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
See also Ro 5:5; Ro 15:13; Ga 5:16

To sanctify the believer

2 Th 2:13; 1 Pe 1:2
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