Faithlife Sermons

Peace on Earth

From the Manger to the Throne   •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Glory to God in the Highest

Luke 2:8–14 ESV
8 And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9 And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were filled with great fear. 10 And the angel said to them, “Fear not, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. 11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger.” 13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, 14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!”

Gloria In Excelsis Deo (Latin)

The life and ministry of the Messiah would bring glory to God in heaven, peace on earth, and among those with whom he is pleased.
Another way to look at this phrase is, men in whom He is well-pleased. These men are those who repent of their sins and receive Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.
Glory to God - This hymn in the gospel of Luke’s echoes the angelic song in Isaiah 6:3 (ESV) - And one called to another and said: “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!”
In the Highest - A reference to God’s abode.

Peace On Earth

Peace is a major theme of Luke’s Gospel
The word for “peace” (eirēnē) occurs a total of fourteen times in the in the gospel of Luke.
Eirēnē, which can be defined as well-being, harmony, and security.
Eirene has similar a meaning to the Hebrew word shalom (which means “peace,” “wholeness,” or “completeness”).
The peace that Jesus establishes penetrates human hearts, reaches the far corners of the universe, and will never end.
The angels first declare that peace is found “on earth,” and then they further specify where on earth—“among those with whom [God] is pleased [eudokias].”
Another example of God showing favor: Jesus’s baptism in
Luke 3:21–22 ESV
21 Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heavens were opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”
The two texts must be related in the sense that it may be that the baptism is an outward, public display of peace/favor that the Father reveals to those gathered at the Jordan.
So as Jesus ministers throughout Galilee and Jerusalem, all those who trust in him receives God’s peace/favor

Eschatological Peace

The angelic armies give glory to God in the heavenly realm, and eschatological peace. The fulfillment of all time.
Isaiah 9:6 (ESV) - For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
But this peace was not extended to everyone, but it belongs only to those who please God.
Hebrews 11:6 (ESV) - And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.
Ephesians 1:5 (ESV) - he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,
Philippians 2:13 (ESV) - for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

Peace Over Chaos

Jesus demonstrates power over chaos by declaring Peace! Be still!
Mark 4:39 (ESV) - And he awoke and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “Peace! Be still!” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.
In the OT, God is known as the one who calms the waves and stills the storms. Indirectly, verse 39 portrays Jesus as acting like the God of the OT.
Here are two examples found in scripture.
Psalm 104:7 (ESV) - At your rebuke they fled; at the sound of your thunder they took to flight.
Psalm 106:9 (ESV) - He rebuked the Red Sea, and it became dry, and he led them through the deep as through a desert.

Peace In Heaven

On the Sunday of Passion Week, also known as the triumphal entry. Jesus arrived at Jerusalem the pilgrims cry out, “Peace in heaven and glory in the highest.”
Luke 19:37–38 ESV
37 As he was drawing near—already on the way down the Mount of Olives—the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen, 38 saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
But why did the pilgrims mention “peace in heaven?” Because Jesus regained the authority that Adam lost in the Garden by overcoming the devil in the wilderness.

The Great Reversal

Luke 10:18 ESV
18 And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.
Satan lost his position of authority on account of Jesus’s success in the wilderness temptation resulting in peace in heaven.
The devil’s success in the garden gave him a foothold over the cosmos by separating humanity from God and seducing them into idolatry.
In Luke 10:1–12, Jesus commissioned seventy-two disciples to proclaim the arrival of God’s kingdom.
Why seventy-two? Because seventy-two disciples evoke the seventy-two people groups in Genesis 10, recalling Jesus’s “mission to all the nations of the earth.” This passage in Luke 10 directly correlates with Genesis 10 and Acts 2.
There is a direct connection between Satan’s fall in Luke 10:18 and the Table of Nations / Babel narrative in Genesis 10–11. Luke’s reference to Satan in 10:18 makes brilliant sense. When Satan and the other malevolent angels fell from heaven because of Christ’s work at the temptation, the cross and the resurrection, they lost their positional authority over the nations. Humanity is no longer shackled to principalities and powers, resulting in the gospel being preached to the nations.

Peace To You

At the beginning of Luke 10, Jesus charges the seventy-two disciples to proclaim “peace” to each house they enter. The text reads:
Luke 10:5–7 ESV
5 Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’ 6 And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him. But if not, it will return to you. 7 And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages. Do not go from house to house.
This was not a common practice, nor was the phase used “peace to you” used lightly. The proclamation herald by the disciples is directly tied to the inauguration of the kingdom of Heaven.
As the seventy-two disciples are successful in announcing the eternal kingdom (Luke 10:17), the kingdom of God was expanding, while the kingdom of Satan was crumbling.
The ministry of the seventy-two disciples was so successful that its effects shook the spiritual realm! This explains why Jesus exclaimed, “I saw Satan fall like lighting.”
Therefore, the pilgrims’ declaration that there is “peace in heaven” at the triumphal entry signifies Jesus’s victory of all principalities and powers in spiritual realm.
“What took place in the wilderness temptation is further actualized in the sending out of the seventy-two disciples and at the cross and resurrection. The advancement of the kingdom promotes peace and reconciliation.” - Benjamin L. Gladd
There are additional accounts where Jesus granted peace to people. One occurrence is when a woman anointed him with oil.
Luke 7:50 (ESV) - And he said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”
Another occurence is when he healed a woman with an issue of blood.
Luke 8:48 (ESV) - And he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace.”
After the resurrection, Jesus returned to his disciples and opened their minds to understand the holy scriptures. But first, he greets them by saying peace to you!
Luke 24:36 (ESV) - As they were talking about these things, Jesus himself stood among them, and said to them, “Peace to you!”
A correct understanding of the Old Testament and its relationship to Jesus is a divine revelation from God.
If you analyze Luke 2:14, you’ll find that it is critical to capturing the revelation of Jesus’s words to his disciples: If you align Luke 2:14 with Luke 24:36, it reveals that God is now “pleased” or has “shown favor” on the disciples. Jesus does this by giving the disciples a revelation of who he is. The disciples are finally grasping Jesus’s divine identity.

Conclusion: Peace in Christ’s Love

Romans 8:38–39 ESV
38 For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
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